Center for the Arts in Latvia
Designer: Antonina Kitoraga
Advisor: Prof. Igor Klimov
School: State Technical University of Construction and Architecture
The main purpose of establishing a center for arts in Latvia is to unite people for their creative communication, sharing their experiences, for learning, for the cultural enrichment of society.
In the projected Center for the Arts there are envisioned:
- exhibition space, a gallery, exhibition halls (for presentations or expositions);
- a conference room (for meetings, presentations, workshops);
- a universal hall (for shows, theatrical performances, press conferences, etc.);
- lecture halls and workshop rooms (for lectures, seminars, master classes and working with students);
- a library;
- a cafe;
- a hostel;
- administrative staff and support staff;
- business premises;
- a summer theatre (outdoor theatre) ;
- parking (for visitors and service parking area).
Thanks to its extremely rich cultural and historical heritage, Latvia boasts a varied architecture, in which multiple styles and ethnic influences can be traced. It is characterized by a diverse and rich palette of building coloration. This is also influenced by the Baltic climate, distinguished by high humidity and abundant rainfall. Therefore, days here tend to be overcast and cloudy, with the characteristic gray colors.
Accordingly, the color scheme and, in general, the nature of the designed object can be, to a considerable extent, identified by analyzing the architecture of Latvia, its climate and its geographical features.
The facility has a centric composition, in which volumes of various heights, colors, different dynamics are strung radially.
The center of the whole composition is a forum (plaza), circular in shape. The circle, in this case, symbolizes communion, a circle of friends, combining different countries, epochs, art forms, intermingling of cultures.
A radial-ring system is characteristic of many historic cities. The projected object might be described as a city of arts.
The artistic image of the object has been defined through a mixture of styles which is characteristic of this region (Latvia, Estonia).
The organization of the internal area uses stylized columns in the post-modern style, entablature twined with greenery, which symbolizes the depth of time. Arches are introduced, such as form the flying buttresses of medieval cathedrals. The whole is like a cathedral square, bringing people together.
Further from the center, the image of the building gets modern. From postmodernism the transition is towards hi-tech (from historicism to more current technologies). This represents movement in time.
The entrance to the building is via a central forum, from which passages fan out. Along the circumference of the plaza, a covered glass gallery is arranged which serves for recreation and viewing the scenery, because it contains a transit passage to the lake shore.